You can find in Luxembourg many activities in the open air and leisure to discover this beautiful country, very varied.
Find here natural parks, cultural and historical excursions, train or water rides, wine cellar and castle visits, flea markets and casino, and even ski slopes !
The City of Luxembourg is the capital of the Grand-Duchy ofLuxembourg. Some of its districts have been listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites since 1994. By browsing it, you will be seduced by this unique blend of historic and modern neighborhoods! There are many ways to visit this beautiful city.
The Bock Rock and the pillboxes
The Rocher du Bock is the cradle of the city of Luxembourg, since it was in 963 that Count Sigefroi built a fortified castle on this rock. The casemates are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The galleries of the casemates are worth a visit, don’t miss them! It is also the first tourist site of the City of Luxembourg. In August 2019 alone, nearly 30,000 visitors passed through the casemates, that is to say more than 1,000 visitors per day.
The starting point of the visit is the Montée de Clausen. Please note the opening hours: the Casemates are closed from November to February.
Would you like to visit some of the casemates in a rather unusual way? The DKV Urban Trail finishes with a last run in the dark for almost 1km through the Casemates, before returning to the Judicial City!
The first underground galleries were built in 1644, under Spanish rule. Enlarged twice, they measured 23 kilometres. This defence system extended over several floors and included galleries dug up to 40 metres deep. Because of these impressive bastions, the city of Luxembourg was nicknamed the “Gibraltar of the North”. The Wenzel Historical Tour traces the history of the City of Luxembourg through the streets and historical sites it passes through.
Grand Ducal Palace
The Grand Ducal Palace is located in the Upper Town of Luxembourg and is the residence of the Luxembourg Grand Ducal family since 189. It also hosts the Chamber of Deputies since 1848. The facade is a Renaissance style.
Originally the place housed the Town Hall which was destroyed due to a powder explosion in the basement of the building in 1554. Rebuilt in 1573, it is then bombed by the troops of Louis XIV in 1683. Restored, it becomes the Seat of the States and under the French era shelters the Napoleonic administration. The building of “La Balance” was added in 1741. From 1815, several governmental authorities succeeded each other in the place.
During his visits to Luxembourg, King Grand Duke William II settled there, paving the way for the final installation of the Luxembourg Grand-Duke at the end of the 19th century. During the Second World War, the Palace was occupied by the Nazis.
The Grand Ducal Palace can be visited during summer holidays, from July to the beginning of September. The tours are guided and proposed in 5 languages, only by appointment from 10h to 17h with the Luxembourg City Tourist Office. The Palace is guarded by a guard service, which is an integral part of the tourist attraction.
Eery summer the “City Open Air Cinema with Orange” takes place in July in the courtyard of the Grand Ducal Palace. Classic or contemporary movies in the open air in a grandiose setting!
More ideas of visits
You can also visit the city through its many museums to discover all the history and culture of Luxembourg.
Through the magnificent park, the circuit of the Pétrusse Valley will make you discover the old districts on board the Pétrusse Express.
Do not hesitate to consult the Luxembourg City Tourist Office for guided and thematic tours, which will take you beyond the beaten track and make you discover places beyond the ordinary. You will also find all information about the attractions and events of the City of Luxembourg. You can go see LCTO, they are located on Place Guillaume II near the Luxembourg Cathedral and the Bierger Center.
Interactive and richly illustrated, the website of the Luxembourg Tourism Office presents the attractiveness and diversity of the Luxembourg tourism offer. The visitor will find the full range of information related to tourism, such as special offers, suggestions for activities, a calendar of events not to be missed, a guide for travelers, etc.
Other museums and historical sites
In addition to the City of Luxembourg’s museums, you can also visit other museums in the Grand Duchy, as well as several castles, witnesses to Luxembourg’s history and culture.
The castle of Clervaux is originally a medieval castle built in several stages on a rocky spur overlooking the houses of the village. Acquired by the Luxembourg State, which completely renovated the building after its destruction during the Second World War, it now houses 3 very interesting museums: the museum of the Battle of the Bulge (winter 1944/1945), the museum of models of Luxembourg castles and the photo collection “The Family of Man” by Edward Steichen.
Inscribed in the UNESCO Memory of the World Register in 2003, this legendary collection, which is visited by more than 10 million people worldwide, brings together 503 black & white photographs by more than 270 photographers from 68 countries. Conceived by Edward Steichen in 1955 for WOAgri in New York, this collection promotes peace and the equality of men in a post-war context through humanist portraits.
Built from the 5th century on a rocky spur overlooking the Our Valley, the Château de Vianden acquired its present form from the 11th to the 14th century. Located in the Luxembourg Ardennes, the Château de Vianden appears as a majestic medieval castle-palace with numerous defence systems (ramparts, drawbridge, harrow,…). It welcomes more than 200,000 visitors annually and is one of the most visited sites in Luxembourg. A request for candidature has been submitted in 2012 to UNESCO for inscription on the World Heritage List. The Château de Vianden has been recognised as a remarkable cultural element, deserving conservation and protection.
Residence of the Counts of Vianden, it was acquired by inheritance by the Nassau family. It remained the property of the Grand-Ducal family until 1977, when it was transferred to the Luxembourg state, which undertook its restoration.
Every year in August, its medieval festival recreates the folklore atmosphere of the time. A suggestion: take a walk in Vianden and if you are not afraid of heights, take the chairlift.
Valley of the Seven Castles
The Vallée des Sept Châteaux in Luxembourg will take you to see 7 impressive and very different castles, witnesses of the history of Luxembourg. Some of them have been completely restored. Others can only be seen from the outside.
The seven castles are located in Koerich, Septfontaines, Ansemburg, Hollenfels, Schoenfels and Mersch. They can be visited on a 24 km road trip through beautiful scenery. Possibility to follow the footpath or cycling path along the Eisch valley (37 km) for a very beautiful hike. The Eisch Valley used to be a place of steel production. You can still find caves in which miners’ families lived. Today it is a protected natural area.
Visiting the Grand Duchy, you can also discover the following museums:
- Printing and Card Museum in Grevenmacher: the Kulturhuef in the former slaughterhouse of the city offers the opportunity to discover the technological developments of printing in Luxembourg with the different types of printing presses and the presentation of the printing trades.
You will also find in the Jean Dieudonné Playing Card Museum, the different techniques and objects used in the manufacture of playing cards.
- National Museum of Brewing Art and Tannery Museum at Wiltz Castle. Visitors to the museum will see the permanent exhibition of the 6000 years of beer making history in Luxembourg. Beer is indeed one of the traditional culinary specialities of Luxembourg. A micro-brewery allows visitors to follow the different stages of beer production. The Musée de la Tannerie traces the art of the tanners with the old tanneries of Wiltz, another traditional production of the town where leather was worked as early as the 17th century. The last tannery “Ideal Leder” closed its doors in 1961.
- Rural and handicraft museum and carriage museum in Peppange. Created in 1999 in a former 19th century farmhouse, the Peppange Rural and Craft Museum allows you to discover life on farms in the Luxembourg countryside in the past centuries. Thanks to the workshops you will be able to learn about the work of our ancestors.
You will also find 200 m away the carriage museum of Grand Duchess Charlotte. Presentation of about thirty carriages of the Grand-Ducal Court, including the one used for Grand Duchess Charlotte’s wedding. Please note that this museum is closed from November to April, except by appointment for groups.
- Centre National de l’Audiovisuel in Dudelange. Entirely dedicated to audiovisual expression, the Centre National de l’Audiovisuel in Dudelange was created thanks to a partnership between the City of Dudelange and the Luxembourg State. Its purpose is to protect and promote Luxembourg’s audiovisual and photographic heritage. The CNA is a must for photography and cultural programming. Photographic laboratories allow the deposit of images and audiovisual documents for the restoration and conservation of the memory of Luxembourg’s heritage. The CNA also preserves Luxembourg’s national archives in the audiovisual and photographic field. Fun workshops for children.
Iron and Steel Industry and Mining
Discover the industrial history of Luxembourg through the iron mines of the south of the country.
Some leisure parks are also a good way to combine tourism with culture and pleasure. Don’t forget them!
Visiting the Luxembourg countryside
The Luxembourg countryside is beautiful. It is worth seeing and exploring. Below are our favourite corners and our good tips.
Luxembourg Card: visit Luxembourg at a low price!
The Luxembourg Card is a year-round passport offering free access or considerable discounts to more than 60 museums and major tourist sites in Luxembourg for 1, 2 or 3 days. Guided tours are also available on some sites.
Offered in individual or family form (2 to 5 people), it allows you to discover Luxembourg at a low price!
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