Although the city of Luxembourg occupies a prominent place in the Grand Duchy, from a point of view of economic and political life, the capital, however, is also surrounded by a great number of various municipalities where to live or to go out, and are worth a visit.
Municipalities in Luxembourg are administrative entities made up of one or more towns or villages. They areautonomous juridictions, governed by a mayor(bourgmestre) and 2 concils (conseil échevinal and municipal) elected for 6 years by their constituents.
The most important municipalities in Luxembourg
The City of Luxembourg is the capital of Luxembourg and the largest city with 116,328 inhabitants at the end of 2017,of which 70% are foreigners. 167 different nationalities live side by side in the different districts of Luxembourg in which nearly 20% of Luxembourg’s total population lives.You can discover the 24 neighborhoods here.
Then second biggest town in the country isEsch-sur-Alzettewhich counts more than 35,000 inhabitants on january 2018 and 111 different nationalities, then Differdange with more than 27,000 inhabitants and Dudelange (20,869) all located in the south of the country.
The towns of Pétange (18,688), Sanem (11,003), Bettembourg (10,750) also in the southern region andHespérange(10,287) in the central region, represent more than 10,000 inhabitants each.
Immigration is not evenly distributed in Luxembourg. The communes that are already the most populated appear to be those that receive the most newcomers (Luxembourg, Esch-sur-Alzette and Differdange), as well as communes close to large conurbations. The 10 municipalities that have proportionally received the most immigrants in recent years are the City of Luxembourg (83 immigrants on average per 1,000 inhabitants over the period 2010-2019), Strassen (70), Berdorf (62- presence of an immigrant household), Bourscheid (53), Bertrange (43), Weiswampach (45), Kopstal (43), Hespérange (42), Esch-sur-Alzette (41) and Esch-sur-Sûre (40).
After settling close to the places of work, immigrants tend to move away from them when they next move to municipalities with lower housing prices.