Communes, towns and villages in Luxembourg

The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg has 102 municipalities, 12 of which are cities in their own right. The rest is made up of several villages grouped together in a single commune.

The trend today is to merge municipalities to improve services and administrative efficiency. Mergers also create economies of scale that benefit residents.

The communes are administrative entities in their own right, consisting of one or more towns or villages. They are autonomous jurisdictions, governed by a burgomaster and the council of aldermen. They are elected for 6 years by the inhabitants of the municipality during the municipal elections.

The municipalities belong to the cantons. There are 12 cantons.

The City of Luxembourg occupies a very important place in the Grand Duchy from an economic and political point of view.

The 13 cities with more than 10,000 inhabitants in Luxembourg

13 municipalities represent a population of more than 10,000 inhabitants

The City of Luxembourg is the capital of Luxembourg and the largest city in the country with more than 128,514 inhabitants as of January 1, 2022, or nearly 20% of the population of Luxembourg. More than 70% of the population of Luxembourg City is foreign. 167 different nationalities, of which nearly 90% are European, live side by side in the various districts of Luxembourg.

Learn more about the City of Luxembourg and its 24 neighbourhoods to live in.

The most populated cities after Luxembourg are located in the canton of Esch-sur-Alzette in the south of the country.

The second largest city in the country is Esch-sur-Alzette with 36,177 inhabitants on January 1, 2022. Differdange has about 28,641 inhabitants. Dudelange has 21,583 inhabitants. The cities of Petange (20,408 inhabitants), Sanem (17,949), Bettembourg (11,405), Schifflange (11,141) are also located in the southern region.

The commune of Hespérange gathers about 15.883 inhabitants and is located in the Canton of Luxembourg – Centre region, as well as the city of Strassen which concentrates a population of 10.320 inhabitants.

Mamer with 10.493 inhabitants in its commune. Kaërjeng represents 10.775 inhabitants. Both are located in the canton of Capellen in the west of Luxembourg.

Mersch with 10,167 inhabitants closes the list of municipalities with more than 10,000 inhabitants.

See geography of Luxembourg.

The 10 favorite communes for newcomers to Luxembourg

Luxembourg welcomes many newcomers every year. Its population is constantly growing due to immigration. In which municipalities do these newcomers settle?

Immigration is not evenly distributed in Luxembourg. The most populated municipalities appear to be those that receive the most newcomers. This is the case of Luxembourg, Esch-sur-Alzette and Differdange. The municipalities near these large agglomerations are also poles of attraction.

The 10 municipalities that have received proportionally the most immigrants in recent years are the City of Luxembourg (83 immigrants on average per 1,000 inhabitants over the period 2010-2019), Strassen (70), Berdorf (62 – presence of an immigrant hostel), Bourscheid (53), Bertrange (43), Weiswampach (45), Kopstal (43), Hespérange (42), Esch-sur Alzette (41) and Esch-sur-Sûre (40).

After settling near workplaces, immigrants tend to move away from them when they next move. They then move to the less expensive municipalities because of the price of housing .

Municipalities near Luxembourg-City

Several municipalities located in the immediate vicinity of Luxembourg City are a good compromise for livingthere.

  • Strassen and Bertrange in the west (canton Luxembourg)
  • Leudelange in the southwest (canton Esch-sur-Alzette)
  • Hespérange in the south-east (canton Luxembourg)
  • Sandweiler in the east (canton Luxembourg)
  • Niederanven in the north-east (canton Luxembourg)
  • Walferdange in the north (canton Luxembourg)
  • Kopstal in the north (Canton Capellen)

The prices offered there are often more interesting than in the city, even if they tend to increase in recent years. See the latest real estate trends.

Well served by public transport, these towns offer all the amenities in terms of crèches and Maisons Relais and basic Luxembourg schools for your children.

Moreover, these municipalities offer the advantage of being located near the city of Luxembourg, which remains very easily accessible. In addition, they offer a green setting for Sunday outings with the family. Living in nature is great when the snow falls or when the sun comes out.

The communes are very active, despite their smaller size, and offer multiple activities for their residents.

The 7 cities and villages of Luxembourg to visit

Regardless of where you choose to live, there are towns and villages that are worth a visit.

City of Luxembourg

Large and notable enough to devote a full page to, you can find out more about Luxembourg’s capital here .


Esch-sur-Alzette deserves its name as the capital of the Terres Rouges region. With its rich mining past, Esch-sur-Alzette has managed to turn it into a real asset, integrating it into its development and turning resolutely towards the future. It has also been named European Capital of Culture 2022.


Are you a Europhile? A detour via Schengen will give you a better understanding of the ins and outs of the construction of the European Union. It was here that European leaders signed the famous Schengen Agreement in 1990, which came into force in 1995. What’s more, Schengen now harbors a piece of the famous Berlin Wall .


The town of Echternach lies along the Sûre Valley near Germany. Echternach offers a charming historical tour with the Basilica and Church of St. Peter and Paul. The town is best known for its dancing procession, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


Don’t miss Vianden and its historic castle. With breathtaking views on arrival, you won’t be disappointed by a visit to this medieval castle .


Also in the Ardennes, the town of Clervaux offers magnificent views and landscapes. You can also visit The family of Man exhibition in its historic castle .


Take advantage of the visit of the National Park of the Sûre to stop in this very pretty village and to walk in its medieval lanes.

Visit the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg