You arrive in Luxembourg and wish to rent an accommodation for a short or longer term? Searching for a rental, legal obligations as a tenant or landlord, rental advice, insurance needed to rent a property, administrative procedures and steps to take as a new tenant, … You will find in this section everything you need to know to rent in the best conditions in Luxembourg!
The real estate rental market
In Luxembourg, the real estate market is dominated by owners. The offers are limited and the demands are very important. Rental signs are relatively rare on houses and apartments. Rentals at the right price and in good condition go very quickly. It is not uncommon to see an apartment being rented from the first visits.
Landlords can request that the lease agreement be made more or less according to their wishes, within the regulatory framework of course. The real estate agencies have models of rental leases that meet the various requirements.
The intermediaries to rent a property
Real estate agencies, relocation agencies and real estate portals are nowadays the best way to find a home in Luxembourg.
Luxembourg real estate portals
To find a rental property, consult the various real estate portals in Luxembourg. They offer a wide choice of properties for rent throughout Luxembourg and even beyond, in the Greater Region.
You can register real estate alerts so you don’t miss out on the home of your dreams. You determine your criteria (location, number of rooms, maximum rent, …) and register your request. You will receive an alert when a matching property is available for rent.
However, it is important to know that due to the state of the market, housing is often rented off-market, notably by word-of-mouth. So put all the chances on your side by consulting real estate agencies or even relocation agencies.
Real estate and relocation agencies
The best way to access available rentals in Luxembourg is to make yourself known to real estate agencies or to go through a relocation agency that will process your request.
Real estate agencies have a wide selection of properties for rent in Luxembourg. They will help you find a home that meets your criteria. These agencies generally take care of theorganization of the visits of the selected properties and the drafting of the rental contracts. The real estate agency will support you in all the steps to successfully rent the selected property. They also take care of the inventory of fixtures on arrival and departure, which we advise you to do absolutely.
The relocation agencies will accompany you more globally in your search and your installation in Luxembourg. They will select for you several properties to rent in relation with real estate agencies, meeting your criteria and the needs of your family. They will welcome you upon your arrival in Luxembourg for a few days of visits of the different pre-selected accommodations. They will also be able to take care of the various administrative procedures for settling in, including the procedures with the municipality of residence or the school registrations for your children. Consult several and compare their offers.
For a landlord looking to rent a studio, apartment or house, the best way is also to go through a real estate agency. The latter will organize the visits and will carry out all the administrative procedures. In addition, this service is free for landlords, since it is usually the tenant who pays the rental fees.
For a long time the tenant was responsible for the real estate agency fees, which must now be shared 50/50 between the tenant and the owner. These are generally the equivalent of one month’s rent (or even more depending on the agency), plus the applicable VAT. The inventory of fixtures is normally included in the agency fees.
A security deposit will also be requested by the owner to guarantee the good condition of the property and the payment of the due dates. This deposit is generally equivalent to 3 months of rent. The amount can be negotiated with the homeowner.
Signing a rental agreement in Luxembourg: what do you need to know?
Amount of rent
The amount of the annual rent must not exceed 3.5% of the capital invested by the owner in the units whose energy performance is rated from A to E. This ceiling is even lowered to 3% in low energy performance housing (from F to I), due to higher heating costs. The amount of capital invested by the landlord must be clearly stated in the lease agreement.
Down payments for utilities must also be clearly indicated, as well as service charges and the rent surcharge for furnished accommodation.
Duration of the rental
The lease contract for unfurnished accommodation is usually signed at the request of the owners for 3 years. It is normally renewable at the end of this first term, with a 3 months notice. But, it’s negotiable! For a studio, the rental period is generally one year, renewable every year.
Remember to discuss the rental period with the owner beforehand. The diplomatic clause (possibility to leave the accommodation at any time with 3 months notice for professional reasons) does not exist in Luxembourg. The duration of the lease is agreed upon between the owner and the tenant. Remember to mention the duration of your lease at the first contact.
The legal notice period for leaving the apartment is 3 months before the end of the current rental period. Even if you leave the unit early, you must pay the 3 months’ rent due. With the landlord’s agreement, you can eventually find a tenant to replace you when you leave. He will then take charge of the remaining rental costs until the end of the lease.
A lease agreement may contain a clause prohibitingpets in the dwelling .
Remember to ask beforehand if you have a pet such as a dog or cat. You must have the express consent of the landlord if you want to move in with a pet.
Documents to be presented to sign a rental agreement
When signing a rental agreement directly with a landlord or real estate agency, you must present the following documents:
- an identity card or passport ,
- the last 3 pay slips or the employment contract ifyou arrive in Luxembourg, or a proof of income,
- Rental guarantee:a guarantor designation and/or a rental guarantee to cover possible damages or non-payment
Your future landlord may ask you to pay this rental guarantee directly. This must not exceed 2 months’ rent, excluding charges. This amount will be reimbursed to you at the end of the contract if the owner considers that you have left the accommodation in good condition.
We recommend that you set up the deposit as a bank guarantee and that you do not transfer the respective funds to the private account of the lessor.
- Rental insurance: You should also consider taking out rental risk insurance . By renting a house in Luxembourg, you are also subject to the obligations that this entails. For example, each tenant is required to have a fire and miscellaneous risks insurance contract, as well as a contents insurance contract in the case of a furnished rental by the owner.
Make sure you have these documents with you when you visit. This will allow you to make an option very quickly and save time compared to other applicants in obtaining housing.
The owner of the property must provide you with a copy of the “passeport énergétique ” of the rented property. The energy passport is compulsory in Luxembourg, when renting or selling. It is valid for 10 years.
Think about making a serious inventory of fixtures at the entrance and exit of the accommodation. If you rent through a real estate agency, they usually take care of these inventories, this is included in the agency fees.
What steps should I take once I have found my new home?
Reporting your change of address
In Luxembourg, any change of address must be reported in person to the local authorities of the commune of residence. Similarly, when you leave your home and your commune of residence, you must report to the commune you are leaving before you leave. You will then have to register in your new municipality upon your arrival in order to be in order with the local authorities.
A passport or identity card will be required, as well as a family record book if you have children. If you arrive in Luxembourg as a foreign resident, you may also be asked for other documents such as proof of income or a work contract. Depending on the municipality, other documents may be required. Ask your local municipality for more information.
If you are moving to Luxembourg-City for the first time, a presentation with identification to the Bierger Center is necessary.
Connecting your new home
Once you have found your home, you must also contact the gas and electricity supplier of your choice in order to proceed with the connection of your new home. Many suppliers provide a transfer of electricity contract to make your move easier.
Also contact your telephone operator to have your new telephone line connected . Think of anticipating your request to shorten the waiting time, especially if you want the connection of the optical fiber.
Notify your service providers
When you change your address, be sure to notify your bank and the CNS of your change of address if you are a border resident. For Luxembourg residents, this is done directly by the municipality of arrival when you register as a resident in your new municipality.
Be sure to report your change of address to all necessary authorities and to register with your commune as well as with the Bierger Center of the City of Luxembourg, if necessary. Also remember to plan your various connections in advance.
Good to know when renting a home
- Consult the housing subsidies and rights available in Luxembourg. In particular, you can receive assistance to pay for the rental guarantee requested by your future landlord.
- Consult our pages dealing with administrative procedures when you arrive in Luxembourg
- The revision of your boiler is mandatory every 4 or 2 years depending on whether your heating system is gas or diesel. Think about it!
- Need more information about renting property in Luxembourg? Just Arrived suggests that you visit guichet. lu for more information about leases, rental agreements, rental charges or rent amounts.
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