In Luxembourg, voting is a right but also a duty
Voting right and elections in Luxembourg
In Luxembourg, the vote is a right but also an obligation. During one’s registration with one’s municipality of residence, any person over 18 is automatically registered on electoral rolls.
In case of abstention of vote, the penalties can go from 100 to 1,000 euros of fine. Only some cases can be excused such as the voters older than 75 or people who can not vote for professional reasons.
The Luxembourg municipal elections
The municipal elections take place every 6 years. They aim at electing the representatives in every municipality of Luxembourg: the Mayor, his Aldermen and the City Council.
To be able to vote in the municipal elections, the voter must:
- Be over 18 years old *,
- Be registered on the electoral roll at least 86 days before the election,
- Benefit from the civil rights and not to be declined the voting right in the State of residence or in the home State,
- Be Luxembourgish and housed in the Grand Duchy
For the nationals from another member State of the European Union, be housed and resident in the Grand Duchy for 5 years at the time of the demand of registration on the electoral roll,
For the foreign nationals from a non-member State of the European Union, be housed in the Grand Duchy and have lived there for at least 5 years at the time of the demand of registration on the electoral roll. Besides, they have to, for all this period, be in regular stay, possess prescribed papers of legitimisation and, where necessary, possess a residence permit in the country if this one is required.
The legislative elections in Luxembourg
The legislative elections take place every 5 years in Luxembourg. They allow to elect the 60 members of the Parliament who will constitute the Chamber of deputies. To be able to vote during the legislative elections, the voter must:
- Be of Luxembourg nationality,
- Be over 18 years old* on the polling day,
- Benefit from the civil and political rights,
- Be housed in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (those living abroad can however have recourse to postal vote).
Good to know: the Luxembourgers domiciled abroad are admitted in the legislative elections by the way of postal vote.
The European elections in Luxembourg
To be able to vote during the European elections, the voter must:
- Be over 18 years old*,
- Be of Luxembourg nationality or national from another member State of the EU,
- Be domiciled in Luxembourg,
- Be registered on the electoral roll, at least 86 days before the polling day.
- For the Luxembourgers, be housed in the Grand Duchy.
For the nationals from another member State of the EU, be domiciled in the Grand Duchy and have lived there at the time of the registration request on the statutory electoral roll.
* People who will be 18 years old on the polling day, but are not so yet as they fill in their registration request, have to present a parental or guardian consent.
Good to know: the Luxembourgers domiciled abroad are allowed to vote for the European elections by postal vote
Postal vote is possible for the voters:
- Of more than 75 years old,
- Who cannot move for reasons of health,
- Who cannot appear personally at the polling station for duly justified professional or personal reasons,
- Who live in another municipality than in that where they are called to vote.
The request of postal vote is to be sent to the College of the mayor and the aldermen of your municipality, at the earliest 10 weeks and at the latest 30 days before the polling day.
Careful: do not forget to join the consulate of your country of origin in Luxembourg in order to participate in some of your national elections.
Registration on electoral rolls
In luxembourg, the registration on the electoral roll can be made online via the portal macommune.lu.
You first have to sign up in order to have access to the information concerning your municipality.