% of foreign population in Luxembourg
The population in Luxembourg is characterized by a strong demographic growth, mainly due to a positive net migration balance. The number of inhabitants in Luxembourg stood at 314,900 persons in 1961 with a proportion of 13.2% of foreigners. The country reached a population of 590,667 people as of January 1, 2017, 47.7% of whom are foreigners on average in the country and 70% among the population of Luxembourg-City!
STATEC, National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, even reports in its studies published late 2017, a population of more than 1 million people in 2060!
Luxembourg is a country much appreciated by expatriates who come to find career opportunities and excellent quality of life. The Grand Duchy is one of the safest countries in the world.
A small population with a good quality of life
With less than 600,000 inhabitants, Luxembourg is one of the smallest European countries. Characterized by a high standard of living and increasing life expectancy, due to a significant social and family policy and a dynamic labor market with high incomes.
A multicultural society
One of the major characteristics of the Luxembourg population is the high proportion of foreigners, since 170 different nationalities coexist in Luxembourg, mainly European at 86%.
The most representative communities in Luxembourg are:
- the Portuguese community with 96,800 representatives, which represents the 1st foreign community in Luxembourg with more than 16% of the Luxembourg population,
- the French community with 44,300 nationals, the second largest foreign community and almost 7.5% of the population of the Grand Duchy,
- the Italian community with 21,300 people,
- the Belgian community with more than 20,000 residents,
- the German community with 13,100 people,
- the British community with 6,100 inhabitants
- the Spanish community with 6,120 residents
- the Dutch community with 4,300 inhabitants
- the Polish community with 4,300 residents
- the Romanian community with 4.100 residents.
For more information about Northern Europe communities.
The Asian people represent nearly 11.200 people in Luxembourg, the African 8.300 people, the Americans 5.700 including 2.500 north-american people, Australian and Oceanian around 200 people.
Languages spoken in Luxembourg
Everybody arriving in Luxembourg is first struck by the diversity of the languages spoken in the public area. This can be explained by the multiple origins of the inhabitants of Luxembourg.
However, there are 3 official languages in Luxembourg:
- the national language, Luxembourgish, which is spoken at school and is also the language of daily exchanges between luxembourgish people,
- German, which is taught to children as soon as they enter primary school. It is the language of literacy and reading,
- French is taught traditionally to children from the 2nd year of primary school, in addition to German. From 2017-2018, French must be introduced at the nursery in an oral apprenticeship.
Religion in Luxembourg
According to a study published in 2011 by the CEPS, the population of Luxembourg is predominantly 73% Christian, more than 90% of whom are Catholics. Nearly 25% of the population does not claim any religion. The Muslim religion, which has been rising in recent years, is represented by 2% of the population, mainly from the former Yugoslavia.
A very dynamic workforce boosted by Europan institutions
The Luxembourg labor market is a very active market, as in addition to the 254,000 Luxembourg resident workers, more than 180,000 border dwellers cross the French, Belgian and German borders every day to work in Luxembourg.
More and more international companies are moving to Luxembourg, such as Amazon, Ferrero, BGL BNP Paribas, major international audit firms, and attract senior executives.
Moreover, the many European institutions present in Luxembourg can also partly explain this constant flow of population according to the movements of European civil servants.
The Court of Justice, the Court of First Instance, the Court of Auditors, the European Investment Bank, the Secretariat of the European Parliament, and several Commission services are present and settled mainly in the Kirchberg District, which is also the business district. In this area, you can find also the European School I.
Today almost 10,000 international European officials are based in Luxembourg and constitute nearly 5% of the resident workforce.
The unemployment rate in March 2017 stood at 6.0%, a little over 16,300 unemployed.