Luxembourg climate and geography

Beautiful landscapes for nature lovers

Luxembourg is a small country situated in Western Europe, with a surface area of 2,582m2.  It will be easy to visit it over a few weekends, as it stretches 82 km from north to south and 58 km from east to west. 

From plains to forests, natural parks, lakes and rivers, the Grand Duchy is fitted with vast and preserved green spaces and with rich wildlife and flora that nature lovers can take advantage of.

The Moselle Valley, the Mullerthal or small Luxembourgish Switzerland, or the Sûre Valley offer picturesque landscapes. Visit Grand-Duchy.

Luxembourg shares its boarders with Belgium in the North-West (148km of common boarders), Germany in the East (135km of common boarders), and with France in the South (73km of boarders). It is sometimes called the “3 boarder country” since all the Luxembourg towns and villages are less than 30km away from a boarder.

An ideal country for hikers and cycle lovers, Luxembourg offers a great diversity of landscapes on its small territory. The Mullerthal area or the Moselle Valley in particular, have plenty of hiking tracks and cycling paths.

You can have a look at our hiking and riding trail suggestions on Visit Luxembourg website

The different regions of Luxembourg

The centre with Guttland

The Centre concentrates most of the country’s population, concentred around the City of Luxembourg. Guttland represents the central and western part of the country, close to the capital. In addition to the villages, there are restored farms, castles surrounded by meadows, fields and forests forming a green belt around the city of Luxembourg.

You can visit the Valley of the Seven Castles, as well as Gallo-Roman sites in Dalheim for example.

The Luxembourgish Ardennes, Oesling or Eisléck in the North of Luxembourg

In the north of the country, the landscapes are very green with narrow and steep valleys. The climate is rather harsh. The region is mainly rural and agricultural. There are magnificent natural parks such as the Haute-Sûre Nature Park and the Haute-Sûre lake,  the largest water point in Luxembourg, which also provides 70% of the country with drinking water, and the Nature Park of Our.

The most important cities in the north of the country are: Diekirch, Vianden, Clervaux, Trois-Vierges, Wiltz, Ettelbrück and Redange-sur-Attert.

The Müllerthal or Luxembourg’s Little Switzerland

The Müllerthal, or “Petite Suisse Luxembourgeoise” (Luxembourg small Switzerland), is very popular for its treks in a picturesque landscape of eroded rocks in which trees are rooted. The capital is Echternach.

Luxembourg Moselle

The Luxembourgish Moselle region, located in the south-east of the country, offers very beautiful landscapes between the Moselle Valley and the Luxembourg vineyards. It is possible to take short cruises on the Moselle. The main cities are Grevenmacher on the German border and Remich for the southern part. The Moselle Valley is a region where wines and crémants are produced.

The Red Lands

In the southwest of the country are the Terres Rouges, whose name comes from the presence of iron ore, which ensured the wealth of Luxembourg from the 2nd part of the 19th century until about the 1980s. These sites are to be visited as witnesses of the country’s mining history. The main cities in the south are Esch-sur-Alzette, Differdange and Dudelange.

Climate in Luxembourg

Luxembourg’s climate is semi-continental. Winters can be severe, temperatures fluctuating between 0° and 15°c. In Summertime, they oscillate between 13° and 25°c, with sometimes 30°c peaks.

To find out more about the history of Luxembourg, click here.




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