Geography and climate in Luxembourg

Beautiful landscapes for nature lovers

Luxembourg is a small country located in the center of Western Europe, with an area of 2,582 m². It will be easy to visit it during several weekends, since it extends 82 km from north to south and 58 km from east to west.
Between plains and forests, natural parks, lakes and rivers, the The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg has vast untouched green spaces. It enjoys a varied fauna and flora that outdoor enthusiasts will appreciate.

The Moselle Valley, Luxembourg’s Little Switzerland or the Sûre Valley are all places of interest. picturesque landscapes that Luxembourg reveals. A paradise for hikers and cyclists, Luxembourg offers a beautiful diversity of landscapes in a small area with many possibilities for hiking or cycling.

Located in the center of Europe, Luxembourg shares its borders with Belgium to the northwest (148 km of borders),Germany to the east (135 km of borders) and France to the south (73 km of borders). This is why it is sometimes called the country of 3 borders . All cities and villages are located within 30 km of a border.

The country offers a great diversity of landscapes and a moderate altitude . The highest point, the Kneiff coast, is located at 560 meters above sea level, in the north of the country in Wilwerdange.

Learn more about visiting the Grand Duchy.

The different regions of Luxembourg

Luxembourg is divided into 2 main regions: the Oesling in the north and the Guttland in the center/south.

The Oesling or Eisleck, in the north of Luxembourg, in the Ardennes massif

In the north of the country, the landscape is very green with many forests and narrow valleys, lakes and rivers. The region is essentially rural and agricultural.

The climate is rather harsh in this part of the Ardennes. There are beautiful natural parks like the park of the Haute-Sûre. The lake of the Haute-Sûre located in the region represents the largest water point in Luxembourg. It also provides 70% of the country with drinking water. There is also the Natural Park of Our.

The most important cities in the north of the country are: Diekirch, Vianden, Clervaux, Trois-Vierges, Wiltz, Ettelbrück and Redange-sur-Attert.

The Trois-Vierges plateau in the north of Luxembourg is the coldest and rainiest region of the country. There is a lot of arable land.

The Ardennes plateau above the Wiltz basin has many forests and contrasting landscapes.

The center with the Guttland or good country

Most of the country’s population is concentrated in the center, centered around the city of Luxembourg. The Guttland extends in the center and west of the country, close to the capital of Luxembourg, and constitutes 68% of Luxembourg’s territory. In addition to the villages, there are restored farms, castles surrounded by meadows, fields and forests forming a green belt around the city of Luxembourg.

You can visit the Valley of the Seven Castles, as well as Gallo-Roman sites in Dalheim and the Moselle Valley.

The Luxembourg Sandstone plateau

This region is the most important one in Guttland. It concentrates the most beautiful forests in Luxembourg. There are also large valleys that are mainly devoted to agriculture.

The Müllerthal or Luxembourg’s Little Switzerland

This region of the Mullerthal is very popular for trekking in the middle of a very picturesque landscape of eroded rocks. The valleys are narrow and steep, dotted with rooted trees. The main town is Echternach.

The Luxembourg Moselle

The Moselle region in the south-east of the country offers very beautiful landscapes. The roads wind between the Moselle Valley and the Luxembourg vineyards. It is also possible to make small cruises on the Moselle, the border between Luxembourg and Germany. The main cities are Grevenmacher on the German border and Remich in the southern part. The Moselle Valley is a region of wine and crémant production.

The Red Earths

In the southwest of the country are the Red Lands, whose name comes from the presence of iron ore. This iron and steel past ensured the wealth of Luxembourg from the 2nd part of the 19th century until the 1980s. These sites are to be visited as witnesses of the mining history of the country. The main cities in the south are Esch-sur-Alzette with the Belval pole, Differdange and Dudelange.

Today, this part of the country is reconverting to high-tech while ensuring the conversion of industrial sites into modern urban landscapes. Numerous companies are located here, as well as the university cluster and the largest concert hall in the country.

The river network

Luxembourg is drained by many rivers, including 4 important rivers: the Moselle, the Sûre, the Our and the Alzette. All Luxembourg’s rivers are part of the Rhine basin, via the Moselle, one of its main tributaries.

The Pétrusse, present in Luxembourg and in the process of being redeveloped, flows into the Alzette.

The climate in Luxembourg

Luxembourg’s climate is semi-continental, with oceanic influences. The climate oscillates between more or less marked seasonal variations, with precipitation throughout the year. Winters can be harsh, or on the contrary mild and rainy. The average temperatures vary between 0° and 5°C. Snowfall can be frequent, especially in the north of the country. It is freezing, especially at night, and the thermometer can drop to minus 10°C.

In summer, temperatures average between 16° and 20°C. We can reach peaks of 30°C in summer with a beautiful blue sky especially in July and August. The hottest months are June, July and August. September and October can be synonymous with Indian summer.

The seasons can also be rainy, with quite gray skies. The north and the south can have a difference of 2 degrees in temperature.

To learn more about the history of Luxembourg, click here.