Just Arrived explains here the rudiments according to the information provided on the website of the Ministry of National Education, Childhood and Youth!
In Luxembourg, education is compulsory. The compulsory schooling period covers twelve full-time years (preschool, basic and secondary education). Every child in age of compulsory schooling must be registered in a school, regardless of the parents’ status. No child may be denied, no matter its origin, sex, language or religion.
In Luxembourg, basic education is provided by public schools, private schools and European schools. It concerns children aged from 3 to 11 years. Every child living in Luxembourg from the age of 4 years before the 1st September must attend the basic school. Children aged 3 years before the 1st September can, if the parents wish so, attend an early education class. All municipalities offer this optional year.
Basic education is organized in four learning cycles.
Cycle 1 corresponds to pre-school education, generally extends over three years and is aimed at children from 3 to 5 years old. The first year (early education) is optional. Parents must address the department of education or the secretariat of their municipality of residence.
Cycles 2 to 4 correspond to primary education. Parents must address the department of education or the secretariat of their municipality of residence.
Each cycle lasts in principle two years. At the end of each cycle, the student must have acquired the key competences, i.e. the learning objectives, in order to get to the next cycle.
In exceptional cases, a student can go through a cycle in one year or will need three years to achieve the defined skills. This organization allows more flexibility concerning the learning management. The practical management of the organization of the cycle belongs to the schools. In the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, basic education is provided by public, private or international schools.
Currently, there are 156 public fundamental schools in Luxembourg, across the 105 municipalities of the country.
Among those 156 public fundamental schools, some offer alternative pedagogical approaches.
This is the case of the following schools :
The following private basic schools apply another program as the official program, while receiving grants from the State :
To these schools are to be added the nursery and primary classes of the two European schools of Luxembourg : the European school of Luxembourg I in Kirchberg and the European school of Luxembourg II, in Mamer.
In the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, secondary and secondary technical education are provided by public institutions (mainly high schools), private institutions (applying the official programs from the Ministry), or other private institutions applying another program, as well as by European schools.
Newcomers aged 12 years and older must contact the CASNA (Cellule d’accueil scolaire pour élèves nouveaux arrivants), a reception center for new students, to be guided towards the school that best matches their profile and skills.
Public schools are aimed at adolescents from 12 years old. Up to 16 years, education is compulsory. A complete cycle in high school, without any grade repetition, includes 6 to 8 years. Various international and private schools offer other schooling possibilities, which include : the Francophone kindergarten and primary school and the Lycée Vauban (French language training), the International School of Luxembourg (English language training) and the European school (different language sections for children of European institutions officials).
In public education, there are two sections :
There are currently 32 public schools and 5 private high schools following the same programs. All apply the official program of the Ministry for the taught content, the assessment, the school time organization, etc. Each school may, however, in the context of its autonomy, offer specific classes or measures.
There are also alternative public institutions, which prefer an educational approach according to the needs and/or expectations of certain groups of students.
Within these public schools, several programs are offered to the newcomers in the country, this is for example the case of :
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